Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by a group of viruses . Orthopoxvirus which is in the same group as the cowpox virus or smallpox. They are mainly found in many areas. Of Central and Western Africa. It is a contagious disease with mild symptoms. Has a low death rate Mostly found in young children.
What is smallpox? How is it different from normal smallpox?
Dr. Suwanchai Wattana Yingcharoenchai Director-General of the Department of Disease Control explained. That smallpox is a disease caused by a virus orthopoxvirus. It is a rare contagious disease between animals and people. This disease is found mainly in central and western Africa. The monkeypox virus is a strain of virus that is similar to the virus that causes smallpox in humans and cowpox. Especially monkeys and many ทางเข้า ufabet types of rodents such as rats, squirrels, rabbits, etc.
Smallpox can be transmitted from:
- Animals to humans. Through direct contact with blood, secretions, pus, animal pustules, animal rashes. Eating food that contains infected and undercooked meat
- Person to person through direct contact with secretions, for example, coughing, sneezing, rashes, pustules, pus, and contaminated objects of a sick person. This usually comes from sharing things with sick people such as clothes, towels, drinking glasses, etc. As for hugging and kissing, there is a chance of contracting monkeypox as well. If the person hugging or kissing has a rash. To prevent infection
Symptoms of monkeypox
Symptoms of monkeypox appear approximately 7-14 days after infection. Common symptoms include:
- Fever, fatigue, headache, body aches
- enlarged lymph nodes
- After about 1-3 days of having a fever, small bumps similar to a rash will appear on the body. These bumps will become inflamed and dry on their own in 2 – 4 weeks, with changes in order as follows:
- Flat rash
- Red blisters mixed with water blisters
- The pustules break out into sores.
How to treat smallpox in humans
There is currently no specific treatment for smallpox. But most symptoms will go away on their own within 2-4 weeks. Treatment will focus on symptom relief such as fever reducers, pain relievers, antiviral drugs, etc. But if symptoms do not improve, You should immediately consult a doctor for a more detailed physical examination.
Prevention of monkeypox can be achieved. By avoiding close contact with infected patients or animals. Wash your hands with soap and water regularly. Wear a mask when in areas at risk of spreading. and vaccination against smallpox This can help reduce the risk of infection.